口语如何做到keep talking
来源:       2022-9-2      阅读量: 47 次
作为一名把口语从4.5提升至7分的考鸭今天来跟大家分享一点练习口语的小技巧:雅思口语如何做到keep talking(就是说话的时候不会卡壳)。

就我个人来说,我感觉要想做到keep talking,最重要的就是要有一点“英语思维”,这里的英语思维并不是指完全用英语去思考,而是能很快地将头脑中的中文转化成英语。

而要做到完全用英语思考,一般要在国外生活十年以上,但仅仅是加快将脑中中文转化成英文的速度,有很多种方法可以实现。

这里安利一下复述大法(我的雅思口语从4.5提升到7靠的就是这个)

复述大法即复述英文小故事、新闻或者任何你喜欢的英文文章(这个方法对雅思口语的part 2特别有效,同时还能锻炼写作的paraphrase(改写)能力,比如雅思写作通常要求我们在introduction段改写题目)。

这里强烈推荐BBC的6 minutes english这个节目。

这个节目每一期都有一段6分钟的听力材料并且配有原文,听力的语速不快(中间穿插的一些采访可能语速较快),语法和词汇都不难,难度基本就像下面的图片这样,大部分都是我们认识的单词。

而一些我们可能不认识的词在文章里都有加粗显示,并且会给出简单易懂的英文释义,就像下面的time capsule(时间胶囊)这个短语,介绍地非常生动形象。

time capsule

a kind of box or container where you can store objects and information so that people in the future - yourself included - will know how we lived at that particular time

在听完和看完一个故事之后,试着用自己的话来复述,一开始会有点难,可以一边看着原文一边试着复述,并且只复述原文中的一部分。在复述的时候多尝试使用原文中的词组,也可以加上一点自己的想法。下面我拿time capsule这一篇故事来做一个范例,这是我以前练习口语时做的。

一部分原文

Rob:Hello, I'm Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm joined today, at the start of a brand new year, by Neil.

Neil:Hello, Rob! I'm really looking forward to 2015, but I have to say that last year was great. So great I'm thinking about creating my own time capsule.

Rob:Really? A time capsule? You mean a kind of box or container where you can store objects and information so that people in the future - yourself included - will know how we lived at this particular time?

Neil:That's it! And I'm already collecting items. My old mobile phone which I don't use anymore. And a woolly jumper with a snowman on it my granny gave me that I never wear...

Rob:You never wear?

Neil:It's a pretty silly jumper, Rob. She said it's to remindme of how much she loves me. Remind, which means, makes me remember - but all it makes me think of is that she still treats me like a child! I'll include the Christmas card which came with it!

Rob:Well, you've got to choose the items you wish to keep as a memory of our time very carefully. It's a historical record - that usually means a piece of writing or a narrative of events at a particular time. Well, let's discuss time capsules and vocabulary related to memory.

下面是复述

Today I just heard Rob and Neil introduced what a time capsule is. Actually, I first heard this item from Japanese animation, but I had no idea what it was used for (我自己的想法).

At the beginning of this program, Rob gave a clear definition of time capsules. That is a box or other types of containers used for keeping interesting or meaningful objects, and after a few years or even tens of years, ourselves or other people who discover the time capsule will know how we lived at this time.

Then, Neil gave an example of the items that he will put in his time capsule, including his old mobile phone and a woolly jumper given by his granny. These items are regards as a kind of historical record that can reflect a particular memory of our time.

This reminds me that I could also select some objects that I do not use anymore and put them into my time capsule (这几句都是我自己的想法). It would be fun if I could find it in the future. But I need to choose them carefully, because some items may be decomposed over time.

这里只选取了前面的一小段话来做复述,但字数已经达到187了,时间接近2分钟(相当于一个雅思口语part 2了有木有),所以同学们在刚开始的时候没必要把全文都复述出来。

PS:这个节目里的不少故事可以直接用在雅思口语Part 2里面哦,找不到素材的童鞋可以来看一下。

其他几种方法

除此之外还有很多途径可以练习复述,像是Reddit上有趣的新闻或者Quora上的精彩问答,但这些网站更适用于英文基础比较好的童鞋。

还有一种方法是制作自己的口语日记,每天用英语描述一下自己今天多做了什么,这种方法涉及到的内容比较广,并且也能为雅思口语的part 1和2提供不少素材。比如今天打了一场球,就可以顺便用英文描述一下自己对运动的喜好这样。

PS:这个复述法甚至可以应用到写作里,比如看到一遍不错的考官范文,就可以试着用自己的话来把它复述下来。

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