【雅思干货】雅思作文如何起笔?5条必备要素记起来
来源:       2021-11-20      阅读量: 40 次

在雅思考试中作文部分如何起笔?最近几年雅思写作真题中,常见的考察形式是针对某一社会现象,要求考生结合自己的知识和经验写一篇文章。

一篇好的文章开头,可以快速吸引读者眼球,引起读者兴趣,交代文章写作主旨。如果你也想了解这个问题,如果你也想知道答案,今天沈阳朗阁小编就带着各位同学来一探究竟。

开头段:背景+已知信息+正反观点+自己的观点+Reasons are given below

一、背景一般比较难写,但我们可以采用这样的几种思维逻辑:

1、 先后

例如这样一个作文题:The jet plane is considered as one of the most important innovations in the modern society. 

那么我们要思考在发明飞机之前,人类之前肯定还有其他重大的发明事件。按照这样的思路,我们就可以写出这样一句背景句:

Human beings, as the dominant creature on this exclusive habitable planet, have created numerous brilliant civilizations,such as gunpowder, compass and paper.

2、 因果

还以The jet plane is considered as one of the most important innovations in the modern society.为例:

这时,我们要思考,飞机发明的背后原因是什么?我们不难得出原因是科技革命与创新发展。

所以,这句背景句可以写成:With the advent of industrial revolution, scientists, especially some of the immensely influential figures, have brought out their best in developing new ideas into tangible technological fruits.

二、已知信息

已知信息不是简单地把作文题目抄写一遍,而是需要考生能够结合自己的积累和语法知识,对题目进行改写。

这个涉及两方面的能力。一是同近义词的替换,二是语法结构的变换。

还以这个题目为例:The jet plane is considered as one of the most important innovations in the modern society.

我们可以改写为:The most influential breakthrough in recent human history is the invention of airplane.

或改写为:What struck people in the last century was the successful introduction of planes.

三、 正反观点则比较好写。常用的动词“认为”,有think, argue, propose, suggest, advocate, hold the view that......这几个动词在写作和阅读中,一律翻译为“认为”。

通常我们可以这么写,Some argue that....., while others suggest that...... 这句话比较灵活,只要表达出来正反两个观点都可以接受。比如,Some argue that....... However, there are people who strongly advocate that........ 这句话中的“There be”句型没有特别的意思,作用只是为了强调。去掉也是可以接受的。后半句甚至可以直接写成:Others hold the opposite view. 一言以蔽之。

四、自己的观点

常见的写作结构有:As far as I am concerned, As for me, For my part, In my perspective, I think....等等,I am with the former/the latter point of view. 或I agree with/ side with........

五、交代原因

Reasons are given below. 或者 Reasons are presented below.或 There are several reasons that may account for this phenomenon.或 Reasons for this phenomenon may be multiple. 等等......综上,对于The jet plane is considered as one of the most important innovations in the modern society.这个题目。我们整理可得这样的一个开头段。

Human beings, as the dominant creature on this exclusive habitable planet, have created numerous brilliant civilizations, such as gunpowder, compass and paper. And the most influential breakthrough in recent human history is the invention of airplane. Some argue it is one of the most important innovations. However, others hold the opposite view. As for me, I am with the former. Reasons are given below.

当然,大家也可以用沈阳朗阁小编给出的另外同义句子结构来写第一段。但不管怎么写,意思都是一样的。雅思写作考察的是综合能力的体现,即逻辑、词汇、语法、通顺。若我们用正确的思维打开写作模式,那么就一定能写出优秀的文章。

以上就是雅思作文开头方法,分享给考生朋友们,想要取得雅思写作高分的话就要做足准备,开头结尾与主体段的写作任何一项都不能缺少。

了解之后,考生要更加用心准备,多加练习,查漏补缺,不断改进。希望大家都能在雅思考试中取得好成绩,你学会了吗?

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